The relationship between entrepreneurial passion, entrepreneurial self efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention in housewives context

Main Article Content

Devani Laksmi Indyastuti
Lusi Suwandari
Krisnhoe Rachmi Fitrijati


This study examined the relationship between entrepreneurial passion, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention. This hypothesis proposes that entrepreneurial passion positively affects entrepreneurial intention. Furthermore, this study also hypothesizes that entrepreneurial emphasizing on entrepreneurial intention is mediated by entrepreneur self-efficacy. The present study takes a sample from housewives who run businesses in Banyumas. This study uses a convenience method for choosing 236 housewives who run businesses. This method is chosen because there is no sampling frame in this population. The results show that Entrepreneurial passion positively influences entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy mediates the relationship between entrepreneurial passion and entrepreneurial intention. 



Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics

Article Details

Author Biography

Devani Laksmi Indyastuti, Scopus ID [57200726099], Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Economic and Business Faculty


Austin, M., & Nauta, M. (2016). Entrepreneurial role-model exposure, self-efficacy, and women’s entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Career Development, 43(3), 260–272,

Bacq, S., Ofstein, L. F., Kickul, J. R., & Gundry, L. K. (2017). Perceived entrepreneurial munificence and entrepreneurial intentions: A social cognitive perspective. International Small Business Journal, 35(5), 639–659.

Bagheri, A., & Pihie, Z. (2014). The moderating role of gender in shaping entrepreneurial intentions: Implications for vocational guidance. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 14 (3), 255–273.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. Freeman.

Baron, R. A. (2008). The Role of Affect in the Entrepreneurial Process. The Academy of Management Review, 33 (2), 328-340,

Barrett, L. F., Mesquita, B., Ochsner, K. N., & Gross, J. J. (2007). The experience of emotion. Annual Review of Psychology, 58(1), 373–403.

Baum, J. R. & E. A. Locke. (2004). The relationship of entrepreneurial traits, skill, and motivation to subsequent venture growth. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89 (4), 587–598.

Biraglia, A. & Kadile, V. (2017). The role of entrepreneurial passion and creativity in developing entrepreneurial intentions: insights from American homebrewers. Journal of Small Business Management, 55 (1), 170–188. 12242

Bueckmann-Diegoli, R. & Gutiérrez, H. S. M. (2020). The development of entrepreneurial alertness in undergraduate students. Education and training, 11.

Bullough, A., Renko, M., & Myatt, T. (2014). Danger zone entrepreneurs: The importance of resilience and self-efficacy for entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 38(3), 473–499.

Burke, P. J. (2006). Identity change. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69 (1), 81–96.

Campos, H. M. (2017). Impact of entrepreneurial passion on entrepreneurial orientation with the mediating role of entrepreneurial alertness for technologybased firms in Mexico. Journal of Small Business Enterprise Development, 24(2), 353–374.

Cardon, M. S., D. A. Gregoire, C. E. Stevens, & P. C. Patel. (2013). Measuring entrepreneurial passion: Conceptual foundations and scale validation. Journal of Business Venturing, 28 (3), 373–396.

Cardon, M. & Kirk, C. (2013). Entrepreneurial passion as mediator of the self-efficacy to persistence relationship. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 39(5), 1027-1050.

Cardon, M.S., Wincent, J., Singh, J., & Drnovsek, M. (2009). The nature and experience of entrepreneurial

passion. Academy of Management Review, 34(3), 511–532.

Chavez, D.N. & Guevara, R., (2020). Entrepreneurial passion and self-efficacy as factors explaining innovative behavior: A Mediation Model, International Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 8(3), 352-373.

Chen, C.C., Greene, P.G. & Crick, A. (1998). Does entrepreneurial self-efficacy distinguish entrepreneurs from manager. Journal of Business Venturing, 13(4), 295-316.

Collewaert, Veroniek, Anseell, F., Crommelinck, M., Beuckelaer, A.D., & Vermeire, J. (2016). When passion fades: Disetangling the temporal dynamics of entrepreneurial passion for founding. Journal of Management Studies, 53 (4), 966-995.

Curran, T., Hill, A.P., Appleton, P.R., Vallerand, RJ, & Standage, M. (2015). The psychology of passion: A meta-analytical review of a decade of research on intrapersonal outcomes. Motivation and Emotion, 39(5), 631-655.

Dalborg, C., & Wincent, J. (2015). The idea is not enough: The role of self-efficacy in mediating the relationship between pull entrepreneurship and founder passion–A research note. International Small Business Journal, 33 (8), 974–984.

Drnovsek, Cardon, & Patel. (2016). Direct and indirect effects of passion on growing technology ventures. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 10 (2), 194-213.

Fellnhofer, K. (2017). The power of passion in entrepreneurship education: Entrepreneurial role models encourages passion. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 20 (1), 58–87.

Fuller, B., Liu, Y., Bajaba, S., Marler, L. E. & Pratt, J. (2018). Examining how the

personality, self-efficacy, and anticipatory cognitions of potential entrepreneurs

shape their entrepreneurial intentions. Personality and Individual Differencies, 125, 120–125.

Gao, J.-L., Li, D.-S., & Conway, M.-L. (2021). Family support and entrepreneurial passion: The mediating role of entrepreneurs’ psychological capital. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 49(3), 1-15.

Gerschewski, S., Lindsay, V.J., & Rose, E. (2016). Advancing the entrepreneurial orientation construct: The role of passion and perseverance. Review of International Business and Strategy, 26(4), 446-471.

Habib, T. (2020). Didominasi Kelas Menengah, Ini 5 Fakta Klasifikasi Tingkat Ekonomi Masyarakat Indonesia ala World Bank. Akurat Co.

Hair, J.F., Black, W., Babin, B.J., & Anderson, R.E. (2019). Multivariate Data Analysis: A Global Perspective. (8th ed.). Cengage.

Hsu, D. K., Burmeister-Lamp, K., Simmons, S. A., Foo, M.-D., Hong, M. C., &

Pipes, J. D. (2019). I know i can, but i don’t fit: perceived fit, self-efficacy, and

entrepreneurial intention. Journal of Business Venture, 34 (2), 311–326. 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2018.08.004

Huyghe, A., Knockaert, M., & Obschonka, M. (2016). Unraveling the “passion

orchestra” in academia. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(3), 344–364. 2016.03.002.

Jeraj, M., & Marič, M. (2013). Relation between entrepreneurial curiosity and entrepreneurial self-efficacy: A multi-country empirical validation. Organisacija, 46(6), 264–273. http://doi.


Karimi, S. (2020). The role of entrepreneurial passion in the formation of students’

entrepreneurial intentions. Applied Economics. 52(3), 331–344. 10.1080/00036846. 2019.1645287.

Kautonen, T., Van Gelderen, M., & Fink, M. (2015). Robustness of the

theory of planned behavior in predicting entrepreneurial intentions and

actions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39, 655–674.

Laaksonen, L., Ainamo, A., & Karjalainen, T.M. (2011). Entrepreneurial passion: An explorative case study of four metal music ventures. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, 13(1), 18-36.

Latham, G. P & Pinder, C.C. (2005). Work motivation theory and research at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Annual Review of Psychology. 56(1).

Lazarus, R.S. & lazarus, BN (1994). Passion and Reason: Making Sense of Our Emotions. Oxford university press.

Lans, T., Gulikers, J., & Batterink, M. (2010). Moving beyond traditional measures of entrepreneurial intention in a study among life-sciences students in the Netherlands. Research in Post-Compulsory, 15(3), 259-257.

Li, C., Murad, M., Shahzad, F., Khan, A.S., Ashraf, S.F. & Dogbe, S.K. (2020). Entrepreneurial passion to entrepreneurial behavior: Role of entrepreneurial alertness, entrepreneurial self efficacy and proactive personality, Frontiers in Psychology, 11 (1611).

Liñán, F. & Fayolle., A (2015). A systematic literature review on entrepreneurial intentions: Citation, thematic analyses, and research Agenda. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 11(4), 907–933.

Liguori, E. W., Bendickson, J. S., & McDowell, W. C. (2018). Revisiting

entrepreneurial intentions: A social cognitive career theory approach.

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 14(1), 67–78. https://

Liu, Y., Wang, W., Yuan, P., & Yuan, Y. (2021). Curvilinear relationship of entrepreneurial experience and entrepreneurial self efficacy: Entrepreneurial passion as a moderator. Social Behavior and Personalit: An International Journal, 49(5).

McGee, J. E., & Peterson, M. (2019). The long-term impact of entrepreneurial

self-efficacy and entrepreneurial orientation on venture performance. Journal of Small

Business Management, 57 (3), 720–737.

Mauer, R., Neergaard, H., & Linstad, A. K. (2017). Self-efficacy: conditioning the entrepreneurial mindset, in Revisiting the Entrepreneurial Mind. Malin Brännback & Alan L. Carsrud (ed.). 293-317, Springer.

Moses, C., Olokundun, A. M., Akinbode, M., Agboola, M. G., & Inelo, F. (2016). Entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions: The moderating role of passion. Social Science, 11(5), 645–653.

Neneh, BN (2020). Entrepreneurial passion & entrepreneurial intention: The role of social support and entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Studies in Higher Education.

Neneh, B. N. (2019). From entrepreneurial intentions to behavior: The role of anticipated regret and proactive personality. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 112, 311–324.

Neri Torres, J. L., & Watson, W. (2013). An examination of the relationship between manager self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions andperformance in mexican small businesses. Contaduría Y Administración, 58(3), 65–87.

Newman, A., Obschonka, M., Moeler, J., & Chandan, G., G. (2019). Entrepreneurial Passion: A Review, Synthesis, and Agenda for Future Research. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 70(1), 1-45,

Newman, L.W. (2014). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitatif Approach (7th ed.). Pearson.

Nowinski, W., Haddoud, M. Y., Lanèariè, D., Egerová, D., & Czeglédi, C. (2019). The impact of entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and gender on entrepreneurial intentions of university students in the Visegrad countries. Studies in Higher Education, 44, 361–379.

Miao, C., Qian, S., & Ma, D. (2017). The relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and firm perfomance: A meta-analysis of main and moderator effects. Journal of Small Business Management, 55 (1), 87-107.

Oatley, K., & Jenkins, J. M. (1992). Human emotion: Function and difunction. Annual Review of Psychology, 43, 55-85.

Park, J. W., & Choi, M. J. (2016). The impact of entrepreneurial self-efficacy

on the entrepreneurial intention of university students: The moderating effect

of regulatory focus. Asia Pacific Journal of Business Venture Entrepreneurship, 11, 9–19.

Rantanen, T. & Toikko, T. (2013). Social values, societal entrepreneurship attitudes and entrepreneurial intention of young people in the finnish welfare state. Economics and Business Review, 13(1), 7-25. Retrieved from

Rizal, M., Setianingsing, D., & Chandra, R. (2016). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi wanita berwirausaha (Studi kasus di Kota Langsa), Jurnal Manajemen dan Keuangan, 2(5), 525-534. Retrieved from

Roy, R., Akhtar, F., & Das, N. (2017). Entrepreneurial intention among

science & technology students in India: Extending the theory of planned

behavior. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 13(4),


Saboor, M. J., Yousaf, I. & Paracha, A. (2020). Entrepreneurial passion and intention: Creativity and perceived behavioral control as mediators, Journal of Managerial Sciences, 14 (2). Retrieved from

Sakina, A.I. & A. Siti, D.H. (2017). Menyoroti budaya patriarki di Indonesia. Social Work Journal, 7(1), 1-129.

Santos, S. C., & Cardon, M. S. (2019). What’s love got to do with it? Team entrepreneurial passion and performance in new venture teams. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 43(3), 475–504.

Schenkel, M. T., Farmer, S., & Maslyn, J. M. (2019). Process improvement in SMEs: the impact of harmonious passion for entrepreneurship, employee creative self-efficacy, and time spent innovating. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 29(1), 71–84. Retrieved from

Scott, S. (2012). Reflections on the 2010 AMR decade award: Delivering on the promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 37(1), 10–20.

Siddiqui, M. (2016). Entrepreneurial passion as mediator of the entrepreneurial self efficacy and entrepreneurial performance, relationship: An empirical study in small medium businesses. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Organization Management, 5(3), 1-7.

Sihite, R. (2007). Perempuan, kesetaraan, keadilan suatu tinjauan wawasan gender. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Smilor, R. W. (1997). Entrepreneurship: Reflections on a subversive activity. Journal of Business Venturing, 12(5), 341–346.

Stenholm, P. & Renko, M. (2016). Passionate bricoleurs and new venture survival. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(5), 595–611.

Sun, S., Vancouver, J., & Weinhardt, J. (2014). Goal choices and planning: Distinct expectancy and value effects in two goal processes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 125 (2), 220–233.

Sun, X. (2020). Self Efficacy Mediates the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Passion and Entrepreneurial Behavior among Master of Business Administration Student, Social Behavior and Personelity: An International Journal, 48(9), 1-8.

Syed, I., J. C. Butler, R. M. Smith, & X. Cao. (2020). From Entrepreneurial Passion to Entrepreneurial Intentions: The Role of Entrepreneurial Passion, Innovativeness, and Curiosity in Driving Entrepreneurial Intentions. Personality and Individual Differences, 157, 109758.

Thompson, E. R. (2009). Individual Entrepreneurial Intent: Construct Clarification and Development of an Internationally Reliable Mentric. Entrepreneuship Theory and Practice, 33, 669-694,

Tsai, K.-H., Chang, H.-C., & Peng, C.-Y. (2016). Extending the link between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and intention: A moderated mediation model. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(2), 445–463.

Türk, S., Zapkau, F. B., & Schwens, C. (2020). Prior entrepreneurial exposure and the emergence of entrepreneurial passion: the moderating role of learning orientation. Journal Small Business Management, 58(2), 225–258. 1659678

Turner, T., & Gianiodis, P. (2018). Entrepreneurship Unleashed: Understanding Entrepreneurial Education Outside of The Business Scholl. Journal of Small Business Management, 56(1), 131-149.

Vallerand, R. J., Mageau, G. A., Ratelle, C., Leonard, M., Blanchard, C., Koestner, R., & Gagne, M. (2003). Les passions de l’ ame: On obsessive and harmonious passion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(4), 756–767.

Wang, S., Dong, B., Si, S.X., & Dou, J. (2017). When it rains, it pours: A triple-pathway model of collective turnover based on causal mapping analysis. Asian Pasific Journal of Management, 34(2), 461-486.

Ward, A., Hernández-Sánchez, B. R., & Sánchez-García, J. C. (2019). Entrepreneurial potential and gender effects: the role of personality traits in university students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Frontier in Psychology, 10, 2700.

Westhead, Paul & Wright, M. (2015). The Habitual Entrepreneur Phenomenon. International Small Business Journal. Virtual special issue, 1-16. Retrieved from

Xia, L., Han, Q., & Zhang, W. (2020). Entrepreneurial passion, entrepreneurial perseverance, and new enterprise performance: Evidence from china. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 48 (6), 1-9.

Xie, Y., Chen, X., & Ye, D. (2016). Does entrepreneurial passion contribute to entrepreneurial success? Management Review, 28(11), 170–181. Retrieved from

Yitshaki, R., & Kropp, F. (2016). Entrepreneurial passion and identities in different contexts: A comparison between high-tech and social entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 28(3-4), 206-233.

Zacher, H., Biemann, T., Gielnik, M., & Frese, M. (2012). Patterns of entrepreneurial career development: An optimal matching analysis approach. International Journal of Developmental Science, 6(3–4), 177–187.

Zhang, X., & Li, M. (2019). The impact of entrepreneurial passion on entrepreneurial success: A moderated

mediating effects model. East China Economic Management, 9, 153–160. Retrieved from