Evaluation of the Performance of Injection Wells in EX Structure

Main Article Content

Zona Nuansa Antariksa
Sonny Irawan
Dyah Rini Ratnaningsih
Taufan Marhaendrajana
Rini Setiati
Muhammad Taufiq Fathaddin


One of the efforts that can be done to evaluate the performance of water injection in a field is by monitoring the injector wells. Observations can be made by looking at the flow rate and injection pressure at each injector well. The response given by each injection well will be able to represent the injection performance on a field scale. The EX structure is a structure that has been produced for more than 40 years. In addition, water injection has also been applied for approximately 16 years. There are four injection wells operating in this EX structure with an average injection flow rate of 3000-8000 bwipd per well. Evaluation of injection well performance is carried out by conducting a Hall Plot on each injection well from the start of the injection process to the last data obtained. Based on the evaluation results, it was found that there was plugging in the EA-IIS and EJ-IVS injection wells. Stimulation activity is needed in both wells to restore the well injection capability. Meanwhile, for the EA-IS and EB-IIL injection wells, there are no significant problems in those wells so they can still function properly as injection wells.



Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics

Article Details



Engel, A.A.S., Sudibjo, R., and Fathaddin M.T. 2018. Peramalan Kinerja Lapangan SNP Dengan Injeksi Air Menggunakan Metode Material Balance. Journal of Earth Energy Science, Engineering, and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 111-113. https://doi.org/10.25105/ jeeset.v1i3.4683.

Hall, H.N.: “How to Analyze Waterflood Injection Well Performance,” World Oil, Oct. 1963, pp. 128-130.

Earlougher, R.C.: Advances in Well Test Analysis. SPE Monograph Series, Vol. 5, 1977.

Al-Fattah, S.M., Dallag, M.M., Abdulmohsin, R.A., Al-Harbi, W.A., and Issaka, M.B. 2008. Intelligent Integrated Surveillance Tool Improves Field Management Practices. Saudi Aramco Journal of Technology.

Nwokolo, C. 2013. Application of Novel Techniques to Fractured Injection Diagnostics in Waterflood Developments. SPE 167564, the Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition held in Lagos, Nigeria, 30 July–1 August 2013. https://doi.org/10.2118/167564-MS.

Sugai, K. and Nishikiori, N. 2006. An Integrated Approach to Reservoir Performance Monitoring and Analysis. SPE 100995, the 2006 SPE Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition held in Adelaide, Australia, 11–13 September 2006. https://doi.org/10.2118/100995-MS.

Sahu, S.K., Singh, A., Al Balushi, M., Konwar, A., Bahukhandi, N., and Briers, J. 2014. Exception-Based Surveillance - Integrating Well Models, Real Time Production Estimates and Hydrocarbon Accounting Tool in Well Operating Envelopes to Ensure Optimal Well Production within Safe Limits. IPTC-17981-MS, the International Petroleum Technology Conference held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 10 –12 December 2014. https://doi.org/10.2523/ IPTC-17981-MS

Izgec, B. 2015. Integrated Injection Modeling. SPE-174840-MS, the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition held in Houston, Texas, USA, 28 –30 September 2015. https://doi.org/10.2118/174840-MS.

Mahmoud, K., Al Tenaiji, A., Al Sharafi, M., El-Abd, S., Abdou, M., and Hafez, H. 2015. Produced Water Re-injection (PWRI) - Case Study from On-shore Abu Dhabi. SPE-177538-MS, the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference held in Abu Dhabi, UAE, 9 –12 November 2015. https://doi.org/ 10.2118/177538-MS.

Wu, J. and Ershaghi, I. 2019. Saturation Dependent Errors in Interpreting Waterflood Diagnostic Plots. SPE-195349-MS, the 2019 SPE Western Regional Meeting held in San Jose, California, USA, 23-26 April 2019. https://doi.org/10.2118/195349-MS

Amedu, J. and Nwokolo, C. 2013. Improved Well and Reservoir Production Performance in Waterflood Reservoirs-Revolutioning the Hall Plot. SPE-167602-MS, the SPE Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, Lagos, Nigeria, August 2013. https://doi.org/10.2118/ 167602-MS

Qi, Q., Pepin, S., AlJazzaf, A., and Ershaghi, I. 2017. Errors Associated with Waterflood Monitoring Using the Hall Plot for Stacked Reservoirs in the Absence of Profile Surveys. SPE-185694-MS, the 2017 SPE Western Regional Meeting held in Bakersfield, California, USA, 23 April 2017. https://doi.org/10.2118/185694-MS

Wang, Y., Cheng, S., Zhang, K., He, Y., Feng, N., Qin, J., Luo, L., and Yu, H. 2018. A Comprehensive Work Flow to Characterize Waterflood-Induced Fractures by Integrating Real-Time Monitoring, Formation Test, and Dynamic Production Analysis Applied to Changqing Oil Field, China. SPE Res Eval & Eng., Vol. 22, No. 02, pp. 692–708. https://doi.org/10.2118/191370-PA.

Kellogg, R.P. and Mercier, D.J. 2019. Empirical Evidence Demonstrating Injection Containment and Absence of Injection Fracturing, Wilmington Oil Field Case Study. SPE-195282-MS. The SPE Western Regional Meeting held in San Jose, California, USA, 23-26 April 2019. https://doi.org/10.2118/195282-MS.

Talabi, O.A. 2016. Modifying the Hall Plot for Analysis of Immiscible Gas Injection Wells. OTC-26649-MS, the Offshore Technology Conference Asia held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 22–25 March 2016. https://doi.org/ 10.4043/26649-MS

Elias, R., Marquardt, I., and Medizade, M. 2014. Case Study: Steam Injection Step Rate Tests Run in the Shallow Low Permeability Diatomite Formation, Orcutt Oil Field, Careaga Lease, Santa Barbara County, California. SPE-169513-MS, the SPE Western North American and Rocky Mountain Joint Regional Meeting held in Denver, Colorado, USA, 16–¬18 April 2014. https://doi.org/10.2118/169513-MS.

Bagheri, M. Al-Otaibi, M., Al-Naqi, Y., Al-Ballam, S., Boqrais, A., and Peydayesh, M. 2018. Evaluation of Early-Time Reservoir Response for a Thermal Pilot in Kuwait. SPE-190437-MS, the SPE EOR Conference at Oil and Gas West Asia held in Muscat, Oman, 26-28 March 2018. https://doi.org/10.2118/ 190437-MS.

Ogezi, O., Strobel, J., Egbuniwe, D., and Leonhardt, B. 2014. Operational Aspects of a Biopolymer Flood in a Mature Oilfield. SPE-169158-MS, the SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium held in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, 12–16 April 2014. https://doi.org/10.2118/169158-MS.

Mihcakan, I.M., Altinay, E.I., and Kasap, I. 2005. The Hall Plot Analysis of a Water Injection Test Affected by Geothermal Reservoir Response. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2005 Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April 2005.

Silin, D. B., Holtzman, R., Berkeley; T. W. Patzek, and Brink, J. L. 2005. Monitoring Waterflood Operations: Hall’s Method Revisited. SPE 93879, the 2005 SPE Western Regional Meeting held in Irvine, CA, U.S.A., 30 March – 1 April 2005. https://doi.org/10.2118/93879-MS.

Izgec, B. and Kabir, C.S. 2007. Real–Time Performance Analysis of Water Injection Wells. SPE 109876, the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition held in Anaheim, California U.S.A., 11-14 Nov 2007. https://doi.org/10.2118/109876-MS.

Das, O.P., Aslam, M., Bahuguna, R., Khalaf, A., Al-Shatti, M., and Yousef, A.T. 2009. Water Injection Monitoring Techniques for Minagish Oolite Reservoir in West Kuwait. IPTC 13361, the International Petroleum Technology Conference held in Doha, Qatar, 7–9 December 2009. https://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.151.iptc13361.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

> >>