Human Development Index Analysis with Islamic Human Development Index (IHDI) Approach in DKI Jakarta in 2010-2019

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Zaeni Abdul Rahim
Syofriza Sofyan
Lavlimatria Esya


The research aim is to analyze human development based on the Islamic Human Development Index (IHDI) perspective in the Special Region of Jakarta. The measuring instrument used by IHDI in this research is Maqashid Sharia which has five fundamental elements such as, Hifdzud Dien, Hifdzun Nafs, Hifdzul Maal, Hifdzul 'Aql, and Hifdzun Nashl. The five elements of this Maqashid Sharia are then measured with determining indicators and 13 indicators being analyzed. The method used in this research is the Fixed Effect Model regression method. For data processing, this research utilizes E-Views 10 software. The data used in this research is secondary data obtained from Statistic Indonesia, Ministry of Religious Affairs Indonesia, and Baznas DKI year 2010-2019. The outcome of this research is that based on Fixed Effect Model regression testing there are impacts between Hifdzud Dien, Hifdzun Nafs, Hifdzul 'Aql, Hifdzun Nashl, and Hifdzu Maal with human development index (HDI) in DKI Jakarta in 2010-2019. The implication from this research is that the five variables with 13 indicators analyzed, generally has significant implication towards HDI, especially Hifdzu Aql variable which is represented by the average length of school and the portion of the education budget. For that reason, the government should be able to encourage human development with an IHDI perspective. The most important things are improving the quality of education and education budget for citizens, besides encourage the citizen to obey religious values, such as doing zakat, avoiding criminal things and, which significantly affect human development in DKI Jakarta.



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