Perbedaan Jarak Molar Kedua Ke Ramus Mandibula Akibat Konsistensi Makanan (Kajian radiograf panoramik di Instalasi Radiologi Dental Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Trisakti)

Main Article Content

Vivian Vivian
Rosalina Tjandrawinata
M. Novo Perwira Lubis


Background: One of the affected factor to the distance of second molar to ramus of the mandible is environment. Environment factor that has the closest correlation with the distance of second molar to ramus of the mandible is the consistency of food. The aim of this study was to find the differences of the distance between distal surface of second molar to ramus of the mandible based on food consistency. Materials and Methods:  The sample consisted of 41 female and 33 male, between 19 to 30 years old, who consume hard consistency food or soft consistency food divided using questionnaire. The samples had complete teeth up to the second molar, which were reviewed from panoramic radiograph. Results: Data analysis shows that there is differences in the distance of second molar distal to ramus of the mandible based on food consistency, which average value is 10.38 mm for the male who consume hard food consistency and 7.35 mm for the male who consume soft food consistency. Conclusions:  The average value for the female who consume hard food consistency is 9.21 mm while the value is 5.72 mm for female who consume soft food consistency.



Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics

Article Details



Whaites E, Drage N. Essentials of Dental Radiography and Radiology. 5th ed. London: Churcill Livingstone Elsevier; 2013. p.171-91.

Peker I, Gungor K, Semiz M, Tekdemir I. Localization of mental and mandibular foramens on the conventional and digital panoramic images. Coll Antropol. 2009;33(3):857–62.

Dwi R. A. Alpiah PSAJ. Ukuran dan bentuk lengkung gigi rahang bawah pada suku minahasa. J e-GiGi. 2015(3):373-8.

Kusdhany MLS, Iskandar HH, Rahardjo T. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan densitas tulang dan perempuan pasca menopause. J Dent Indones. 2004;11(1):8–12. DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v11i1.625

Le Révérend BJD, Edelson LR, Loret C. Anatomical, functional, physiological and behavioural aspects of the development of mastication in early childhood. Br J Nutr. 2014;111(3):403–14. (cited 2016 April 21). Available from: articlerender.fcgi?artid=3927374&tool=pmcentrez&rendertype=abstract

Subbiya A, Geethapriya N, Jayakrishna B, Vivekanandhan P, Prakash V. Comparison of Mandibular Foramen Location Between South Indian Vegetarians and Non Vegetarians – A Radiographic Study. Indian J Multidiscip. 2013;3(1):604–9.

Scarfe W, Williamson G. Practical panoramic radiography. Online Contin Educ Course. 2011;1–44. (cited 2016 May 5). Available from: http://

Dagistan S, Bilge O. Comparison Of Antegonial Index; Mental Index; Panoramic Mandibular Index amd Mandibular Cortical Index Value In The Panoramic Radiographs Of Normal Males and Male Patients With Osteoporosis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2010; 39(5): 290-4.

Kingsmill VJ, Boyde a, Davis GR, Howell PGT, Rawlinson SCF. Changes in bone mineral and matrix in response to a soft diet. J Dent Res. 2010;89(5):510–4. DOI: 10.1177/0022034510362970

Anderson PSL, Renaud S, Rayfield EJ. Adaptive plasticity in the mouse mandible. BMC Evol Biol. 2014;14(1):85. (cited 2016 April 23). Available from: http://www.biomed